Bariatric surgeries are becoming increasingly popular to reduce weight and improve overall health. One of the best outcomes of successful weight-loss surgery is improved fertility. Obese and overweight women find it difficult to conceive due to hormonal imbalances. Bariatric surgery can aid in correcting these imbalances, leading to improved fertility and successful pregnancies.
Yet, some misconceptions about these surgeries include fertility complications, the risk of congenital disabilities, and nutritional deficiencies.
Read more: Bariatric Surgery Myths and Misconceptions
Here are five things to know about bariatric surgery and fertility:
1) Bariatric Surgery Can Improve Fertility
Obesity affects fertility in several ways, including hormonal imbalances that can lead to irregular ovulation or anovulation (absent of ovulation). Bariatric surgery reverses these conditions and helps improve fertility by reducing the body’s fat content. This allows for better hormone balance, which increases the chances of conception.
You can also experience regular periods and ovulation when you lose weight, making conception easier.
2) Risk of Birth Defects Is Low
Overweight and obese women are more prone to higher rates of miscarriage and congenital disabilities. However, this risk is low in women undergoing bariatric surgery. This happens because the surgery helps make hormonal and metabolic changes in the body, leading to fewer complications.
3) The Timing of Conception Matters
Timing is essential when it comes to bariatric surgery and fertility. Women should wait 12 months after a bariatric procedure before trying to conceive. This allows time for your body to adjust to the changes that took place and for your body to establish good nutritional habits. Furthermore, it is essential to note that many women experience rapid weight loss during the first year after bariatric surgery, which may lead to malnutrition and nutrient deficiencies that can affect a developing fetus.
4) Discuss Any Risks With Your Doctor
It is essential to consult a doctor before conceiving after bariatric surgery. Doctors can help assess any potential risks associated with pregnancy, such as nutrient deficiencies or anemia that may affect the unborn baby. During this consultation, you should discuss any medications or supplements you may be taking and plan how to adjust them during pregnancy.
For example, women who have had gastric bypass surgery should discontinue taking Iron and B12 supplements, as these vitamins can no longer be absorbed through the body.
5) Nutrition Is Key
While bariatric surgery can cause rapid weight loss, it does not mean that nutrition should be neglected. Eating a well-balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins will ensure you get the necessary nutrients to support your pregnancy and fetal development. Additionally, taking prenatal vitamins as your doctor prescribes may help prevent nutrient deficiencies and provide additional energy during this critical time.
Finally, it is essential to remember that pregnancy after weight loss surgery requires special attention. Be sure to communicate any concerns or changes you may feel with your doctor so they can provide the necessary care and help increase your chances of having a healthy baby.
When considering bariatric procedures to help you reach a healthy weight, it’s essential to be aware of the potential impacts on fertility. Contact Dr. Ramos Kelly for the best bariatric surgery in Tijuana. He is an experienced, board-certified surgeon who can provide the most advanced, patient-focused care.